Deborah L. Ruf, Ph.D.
Deborah L. Ruf, Ph.D.
High Intelligence Specialist
I founded Educational Options to provide accurate information regarding intelligence, what it is, where it comes from, and how our family, school, relationship and workplace environments either nurture or stifle its expression. When someone is highly intelligent – different from the majority in thoughts, expression, and interest – the wrong environment can lead to confusion, sadness, and underachievement. My continuing purpose is to open the eyes and awareness of adults in ways that will benefit them and the children under their care.

Deborah L. Ruf, Ph.D.



For the Ruf Estimates™ of Gifted    Online Assessment, go to









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